Home Dating asia Archaeologists may have located the palace of Genghis Khan’s bloodthirsty grandson

Archaeologists may have located the palace of Genghis Khan’s bloodthirsty grandson

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Archaeologists may have located a palace belonging to the bloodthirsty grandson of Genghis Khan who sacked Baghdad in 1258 in eastern Turkey

  • Hulagu Khan was Genghis’ grandson – estimated to have killed 40 million people
  • After the death of his grandfather, Hulagu controlled the Il-Khanate in Asia
  • Historical sources describe his grand palace, believed to be in eastern Turkey
  • Archaeologists now believe they have discovered the site of the Mongol palace

The grand palace that once belonged to Genghis Khan’s grandson may have been discovered in Turkey, archaeologists say.

Hulagu Khan was a Mongol warlord who lived from 1217 to 1265 and conquered much of Southwest Asia.

It is known for the 1258 sack of Baghdad, then the religious and cultural capital of Islam, which destroyed much of the historic city.

Hulagu’s father was the fourth son of Genghis Khan, who founded the Mongol Empire spanning across the Middle East and Asia.

Genghis Khan is estimated to have killed around 40 million people during his campaigns, or around 5-10% of the world’s population at the time.

A 14th-century depiction of Hulagu Khan (centre), who ruled the Il-Khanate across the Middle East in much of today’s Iran, Iraq and Turkey

The Mongol Empire split into smaller kingdoms in the years following the death of Genghis Khan, one of which was the Il-Khanate led by Hulagu Khan, which occupied much of Iran, modern Iraq and Turkey.

The bag of Baghdad

Perhaps Hulagu Khan’s most infamous attack was the savage sack of Baghdad in 1258.

The attack was part of Hulagu’s campaign to bring the Islamic world under Mongol control, especially in Persia – modern Iran.

The sack of Baghdad saw the destruction of the House of Wisdom, one of the great centers of learning in the Arab world filled with documents collected over 500 years.

Eyewitnesses say that so many books from the library were thrown into the Tigris, they formed a bridge strong enough for a man to ride across.

Others said the waters of the river were black with ink and red with blood.

Some historical sources mention a summer capital in the kingdom with a huge palace, but do not say exactly where it was.

Archaeologists now believe they have discovered the site of the Khan’s palace in Van province in eastern Turkey.

The palace was recorded by the 13th century Armenian historian Kirakos of Ganja and other sources as being near Lake Van, but its exact location has never been confirmed.

The team responsible for excavating the site said the palace had been heavily looted and damaged. They added that they had found glazed tiles, porcelain and pottery in the ruins of the palace.

Munkhtulga Rinchinkhorol of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences said the team also discovered “tamga” or “swastika” symbols – “symbols of power” from the Mongol Khans and other parts of the medieval world before they were appropriated. by the Nazis in the 20th century.

Mr Rinchinkhorol told Live Science: “The remains of the Khan’s palace complex [are] now completely ruined.

He added that the symbols discovered by archaeologists are one of the main reasons why they believe the palace belonged to Hulagu Khan.

Historical sources suggest that the Khan's palace is in or around the province of Van in eastern Turkey, but its location has never been confirmed.

Historical sources suggest that the Khan’s palace is in or around the province of Van in eastern Turkey, but its location has never been confirmed.

Other archaeologists not involved in the project said further research was needed to confirm the site was the Mongol lord’s stronghold, but it was very possible.

Timothy May, a professor of Central Eurasian history at the University of North Georgia, said further investigation was needed: “It’s possible this is Hulagu Palace.”

He added: “The academics involved are very good and may be right.”

Michael Hope, chair of Asian studies at Yonsei University in Korea, said: “Whether this is Hülegü Palace as described by Kirakos remains to be seen. I certainly wouldn’t rule it out, but I look forward to more information.

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